A-line gown – Form fitting bodices that flare out from the waistline to a full skirt. These gowns have a seamless waist.
A-line skirt/fit and flare skirt – A skirt that is fitted at the waist and flares out in an A-line or tulip shape at the hem.
back drape – A length of material attached either at the shoulder or the waist that flows over the back to floor length. In some cases it is removable.
back yoke – A fitted or shaped piece at the top of a skirt or at the shoulder of various garments.
ball gown – Characterized by a very full skirt that begins at the waist and continues to a formal length. The skirt waist is seamed and can be of various styles.
ballerina neckline – This is a low neckline that usually occurs with strapless or spaghetti strapped dresses.
bandeau/tube top – A band-shaped covering for the breasts.
Basque waist/V-waist – This dropped waist starts at or just below the natural waistline, and dips in the center creating a “V” shape.
bateau neck/boat neck – A high, wide, straight neckline that runs straight across the front and back, meeting at the shoulders; the same depth in the front and back.
besom pockets – A pocket sewn inside the garment with access through a welted slit-type opening.
bias cut – Cut diagonally across the grain of a fabric. Used to create garments that follow the body curves closely.
bike tards – A close-fitting, one-piece garment from the top of the torso to the hem of the shorts.
blazer – A long-sleeved sports jacket with lapels.
bolero jacket – A loose, waist-length jacket open at the front.
boot-cut – Cut below the belly button and slightly flares from the knee to the ankle.
box-pleated – Two folds of fabric brought together to form a pleat.
boy-leg – Shorts, undergarments, or swimwear that has a close fitting leg that reaches half way down the thigh.
broomstick – A skirt or dress that is characterized by numerous pleats and crinkled material.
camisole – A short, sleeveless garment for women.
camp pockets – Pockets that are sewn to the outside of the garment, usually squared off and characterized by seaming.
cap sleeve – A small, short sleeve which sits on the shoulder, either forming a stiff cap or falling on to the arm to provide minimal coverage.
capri pants – Fairly straight-cut pants, tapered to the mid-calf.
cardigan jacket – A usually collarless sweater or jacket that opens the full length of the center front.
cargo – Characterized by sporting a large pocket usually with a flap and a pleat.
carpenter pants/shorts – Five-pocket pants characterized by a “hammer holder,” a stretch of material connecting the outside seam to the back pocket.
cathedral train – (Also known as a monarch train); a cascading train extending six to eight feet behind the gown, for the most formal weddings.
chapel train – The most popular of all train lengths, it flows from three to four feet behind the gown.
chemise/skimmer – Simply a straight unbelted dress with varying sleeves and length.
column skirt/straight skirt – Also referred to as a pencil skirt, this skirt is a straight line with no flare or fullness at the hem or waistline.
concealed snap/velcro/button placket – A slit in a garment where closures are hidden.
convertible collar – A rolled collar that can be worn open or closed. Sewn directly to the neckline.
corset top/boned bodice – A form-fitting, usually strapless bodice with boning and either laces or snap closures, styled in the fashion of the ladies undergarment of the same name.
cowl neck – A neckline featuring a piece of material attached to a garment at the neck, which may be used as a hood or draped loosely in a swag from shoulder to shoulder at the front neckline or back.
crew neck – A round neck with ribbed banding that fits close to the base of the neck.
crinoline – Petticoats stiffened with horse-hair to enable the bell-like skirts of the early nineteenth century, that was eventually replaced with the bustle.
cropped top/jacket – Hem is cut just above the waist.
diamond neck – A diamond-shaped cutout that fastens at the front or back neckline.
dolman sleeve – Cut as an extension of the bodice, the dolman sleeve is designed without a socket for the shoulder, creating a deep, wide armhole that reaches from the waist to a narrowed wrist. Also called a batwing sleeve.
double-breasted – Having one-half of the front lapped over the other, and usually has a double row of buttons and a single row of buttonholes.
double-tee top – A layered look with one T-shirt over another.
draped bodice – An extra piece of material is draped over the bustline.
dropped waist/low waist – A waistline that is sewn below the body’s natural waistline.
dropped shoulders – Characterized by the shoulder/sleeve seam falling off the shoulder.
empire bodice– A bodice that ends just below the bust, sometimes low-cut and gathered.
empire seams – A seam that is sewn directly below the bustline.
empire waist – This waistline begins just below the bust.
fishtail train – Fitted around the hips and flares out from the knee to the hemline.
fitted point sleeve – A long, narrow sleeve that tapers to a point which rests against the back of the hand.
flat-front pants – Straight pants, often seamless and pocketless.
form-fitting/slim-fit – Straight from waist to ankle except for a slight curve around the hip.
frog closure – Chinese closing of decorative cording or braid. A soft ball of cording or a button is used to complete the closure.
gauntlets -Dress gloves extending above the wrist.
gaucho – Wide-legged pants or divided skirt reaching mid-calf and worn with boots.
halter top – A sleeveless bodice with a high choke or wrap neck that may be backless.
hankerchief style – The hem of a blouse or skirt that is gently jagged to form flowing points.
hip pockets – Pockets which are sewn on the front of the garment at hip height.
Hollywood waistband – Characterized by a full elasticized back and a side zipper/button closure.
hook & eye closure – A 2-part fastening device (as on a garment or a door) consisting of a metal hook that catches over a bar or into a loop.
illusion bodice – A bodice made of sheer material giving the illusion of no bodice.
illusion sleeve – A sleeve made of sheer material giving the illusion of no sleeve.
intermission length/Hi-Lo – An intermission-length gown features a hem falling between the knees and ankle; the Hi-Lo variation is a gown of intermission length on the front and floor length or longer in the back.
jewel neck – A high round neckline resting simply at the base of the neck.
kangaroo pocket – A pocket formed by sewing a piece of cloth over the garment leaving two open ends.
keyhole neck – A tear shaped or round cutout that fastens at the front or back neckline.
kimono – A long robe with wide sleeves traditionally worn with a broad sash.
leg-of-mutton sleeve – (Also known as a gigot sleeve) a loose, full sleeve, rounded from the shoulder to just below the elbow, then shaped to the arm, often ending in a point at the wrist.
maillot – A woman’s one-piece bathing suit.
mandarin collar – A short, stand-up collar, adopted from the close-fitting Asian collar.
mermaid – This skirt hugs the body until it reaches the knees or just below and then ends in a dramatic flare.
natural waist – A seam or waistband that secures or falls at the natural curve of the body, which is the indentation between the hips and the ribcage.
notched collar – A two-piece collar that can be only worn open.
off-the-shoulder neck – A neckline that lies gently hovering across the top of the bustline with the shoulders uncovered or able to be seen through the sheer yoke of net or organza attached to a high collar.
overskirt – A skirt worn over another skirt.
peasant top – Romantic style often characterized with a low neckline, ruffles, or free flowing material.
peek-a-boo – Any part of the garment which has been cut out to reveal skin.
petticoat – An underskirt usually a little shorter than outer clothing and often made with a ruffled, pleated, or lace edge.
pieced – A look created by sewing several pieces of material together to form the garment, much like a quilt.
pinafore – Originally used to protect dresses from dirt, it was adopted as a fashion piece and worn as a sleeveless dress or over a blouse.
placket – The piece of cloth that reinforces a split or opening in a garment; that usually also serves as the closure.
point collar – A collar with ties used to attach women’s sleeves to their gowns.
princess seams – Seams that can be found in the front or the back of a garment that create a form-fitting shape.
puckered bodice – Usually associated with tube tops, it provides a scrunchy look.
puff sleeve/pouf sleeve – A full sleeve of varying lengths, created by generous gathering around the armhole.
push-up jeans – Spandex in the jeans helps to lift and shape your rear.
romper – A one-piece garment with the lower part shaped like bloomers.
sarong skirt – Long cloth which is wrapped around the entire body.
scoop neck/round neck – A low, U-shaped or round neckline.
shawl collar – A one-piece collar which is turned down to form a continuous line around the back of the neck to the front.
sheaths – Usually have straight or close fitting skirts, accompanied by a form fitting bodice. The skirt is often ankle length and sometimes has a slit in either the front, side, or back to make walking easier.
shelf bra – A bra that is built right into the garment.
shirred waist – A decorative gathering (as of cloth) made by drawing up the material along two or more parallel lines of stitching.
shrug – A woman’s small, waist-length or shorter jacket.
skant – Pants that have a sweater-like attachment around the waist.
skort – Shorts that have a front covering to resemble a skirt.
spaghetti strap – A thin tubular strap that attaches to the bodice, named for its likeness to a strand of spaghetti.
split neck – A round neckline that looks like it has been cut in the center to form a small “V”.
square neck – An open-yoke neckline shaped in the form of a half square.
straight legs – Pant legs are cut an equal width from waist to ankle.
sweep train – The shortest train, barely sweeping the floor.
sweetheart neck – A graceful, open yoke, shaped like the top half of a heart.
tank top – A short, sleeveless top with wide armholes.
tankini – A two piece bathing suit with the upper portion resembling a tank top.
tapered legs – Pant legs become progressively narrower toward the ankle.
tea length – A gown hemmed to end at the shin.
tear-away shorts – Features versatile side snaps that allow you to remove a top layer fast.
tie-cinched waist – The waist is pulled tight around the body with a tie.
trapeze top – Tank top style with flared bottom.
tulle skirt/bouffant gown – A sheer, puffed-out skirt often made of stiffened silk, rayon, or nylon net.
tunic style – A simple slip-on garment made with or without sleeves and usually knee-length or longer, belted at the waist, and worn as an under or outer garment.
turtle neck – A high, close-fitting, turnover collar used especially for sweaters.
unitards – A close-fitting, one-piece garment for the torso, legs, and feet, and often for the arms.
V-neck/V-back – An open yoke coming to a “V” shape midway down the bodice.
variegated – Having streaks, marks, or patches of different colors; distinguished or characterized by a variety of different colors.
wedding-band collar – A collar featuring a yoke that is either open or of sheer net with an ornate band fitting snugly on the neck, creating a choker effect.
wide legs – Pants or jeans that are cut extra full through the legs.
wing collar – A collar with projections which cover shoulder seams of bodices and doublets.
wrap top/surplice top – A bodice created by the cross-wrapping of fabric; may be in front or back, and associated with a high or low neckline.